IDENTIFIKASI MIKROBA RHIZOSFER PADA TANAMAN LADA MALONAN 1 (Piper nigrum L.) DI KECAMATAN MUARA BADAK KABUPATEN KUTAI KARTANEGARA

Purwati Purwati, Tutik Nugrahini

Abstract


Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui jenis-jenis mikroba yang terdapat pada rhizosfer tanaman lada Malonan 1 di Kecamatan Muara Badak Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara. Penelitian dilaksanakan sejak bulan  Juli sampai Agustus 2018, di Laboratorium Hama dan Penyakit Tanaman Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Mulawarman Samarinda.

Hasil penelitian diperoleh bahwa mikroba rhizosfer pada tanaman lada teridentifikasi 1 isolat bakteri, 3 isolat fungi dan 3 isolat nematoda. Bakteri terdiri dari 1 Famili yaitu Azotobacteraceae. Fungi meliputi 3 genus yaitu Aspergilus, Colelotrichum dan Trichoderma. Sedangkan nematoda meliputi 3 genus yaitu Dorylaymus, Paratylenchus dan Rhabditis. Jenis-jenis mikroba yang bermanfaat bagi ekosistem tanah meliputi bakteri  Azotobacteraceae yang dapat menambat N2 (fiksasi) N2 atau biofertilizer. Fungi  Aspergillus dan Trichoderma berperan sebagai agen hayati atau menghambat pertumbuhan patogen (biokontrol) untuk mengendalikan penyakit tanaman. Sedangkan nematoda Dorylaymus, Paratylenchus dan Rhabditis merupakan mikroba perombak atau decomposer.


Keywords


Identifikasi, Mikroba, Rhizosfer, Lada Malonan 1

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31293/af.v19i2.4640

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