ANALISIS FINANSIAL USAHATANI CABAI MERAH SKALA PETANI DI KOTA SAMARINDA (STUDI KASUS DI KELURAHAN LEMPAKE SAMARINDA)
The study was conducted for three months, from December 2012 to February 2013 at Lempake urban village, North Samarinda sub district of Samarinda City that is known as a center of curly red chili production. Object of research are farmers managing curly red chili farming in the 2012 rainy season at the study area.
This study used a survey method, that meaned it takes most of the respondents samples from the existing population. Based on the observation of 285 farmers are determined to take as many as 30 farmers as respondents. Methods of data retrieval are implemented using a combination of methods: observation, interviews, literature review, and documentation studies by using structured questionnaire as major tool. The data analysis technique used in this study include: (1) R/C ratio to calculate the level of efficiency, (2) Break Even Point (BEP) to test the profit or loss, (3) Return on Investment Method to test the efficiency of the use of farm capital, (4) Payback Period method to test the payback curly red chili capital farming used.
The results showed that: 1. The amount of the total cost of the average production of farm curly red chili per growing season of Rp 11,328,317,- or Rp. 28,320,793,- per hectare, while the average income for price at the level of 15,000,- per kilogram per acreage of Rp.27,025,000,- or equals to Rp.67,562,500,- per hectare. 2. The results of the financial analysis showed that curly red chili farming feasible to be developed, with an average value: (a). income of Rp. 15,696,683,- (acreage) and Rp.39,241,707,- (ha), (b) R/C ratio of 2.39, (c). BEP production volume as much as 755.22 kg (acreage) and 1,888.05 kg (ha), (d). BEP production price of Rp.6276.08,- per kilogram; (e). ROI of 138.56%, and (f). payback period of 1.68 during the growing season. 3. The results of both analyzes sensitititas to rising production cost price inflation (6% and 9%) and decrease the production price of unity (Rp.8.000,- and Rp.12.000,-) indicates that the curly red chili farming feasible to be developed at the study area.
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