Microfuel Inventory And Its Potential As Biofertilizer And Agensia Biological Controller On The Land Of Coal Mine Reclamation In Samarinda

Rosfiansyah, Sopialena, Surya Sila .

Abstract


The fungus in the soil naturally has a role to maintain soil function, to control its productivity and play a role in the biological control of plant-disturbing organisms. This study aims to determine the diversity of micro fungi as well as their potential as biofertilizer and biological control agents in the reclamation field of coal mines in Samarinda. This research is a descriptive research. The research was conducted in the reclamation field of coal mine of PT. CEM (Cahaya Energi Mandiri) Tanah Datar Samarinda. The research results show that there are 6 genus on 9 month reclamation field ie Fusarium, Massarina, Humicola, Rhizoctonia, Blastomyces, and Pythium. 15 genus of fungi on the 24-month reclamation field ie Mortierella, Humicola, Penicillium, Pythium, Aspergillus, Trichoderma, Blastomyces, Fusarium, Anixiella Verticillium, Gliocladium, Entomophaga, Metarhizium, Mucor, Chloridium. All genera have a role in the soil biofertilizer process, except for the unknown genus Anixiella. There are 3 genera that have the role as an insect pathogen that can be utilized in plant pest control Fusarium, Entomophaga and Metarhizium. There are 2 genera that have antagonistic role in biological control of plant disease pathogen namely Gliocladium and Trichoderma.


Keywords


Fungi, biofertilizer, biological control agent, mine reclamation

Full Text:

PDF DOC

References


Andersen, A.N., and G.P. Sparling. 1997.Ants as indicators of restoration success: relationship with soil microbial biomass in the Australian seasonal tropics. Restoration Ecology. 5: 109-114.

Aptroot, A. A Word Revision of Massarina (Ascomycota). Nova Hedwigia. 66: 89-162.

Barnett, HL, BB Hunter. 1998. Genera of Imperfect Fungi: Fourth Edition. Minnesota: APS Press.

Bilay, V, S. Ivashchenko. 2011. Influence of Thermophilic Fungi Humicola insolens on The Growth of Agaricus brasiliensis. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products (ICMBMP7) 2011.

Butt TM, C Jackson, N Magan. 2001. Introduction-Fungal Biological Control Agents: Progress, Problems and Potential. Di dalam: Butt, T.M, Magan N. 2001, editor. Fungi as Biocontrol Agents: Progress, Problems and Potential. Wallingford: CABI Publishing. Hlm 1-8huk.

Dennis J. B., D Steber, R Glazier, D.P. Paretsky, G. Egan, A.M. Baumgardner, D. Prigge. 2005. Geographic information system analysis of blastomycosis in northern Wisconsin, USA: waterways and soil. Medical Mycology 43: 117-125.

Domsch, KH, W. Gam. 1980. Compedium of Soil Fungi: Volume I. London: Academic Press.

García, VG, MAP Onco, VR Susan. 2006. Review. Biology and Systematics of the form genus Rhizoctonia. Spanish Journ. Agric. Research. 4(1): 55-79.

Harman, G.E, C.R. Howell, A. da Viterbo, I.Chet, M. Lorito. 2004. Trichoderma Species-Opportunistic, Avirulent Plant Symbionts. Microbiology. 2: 43-56.

Hopkin, S.P. 1997. Biology of The Springtails (Insecta: Collembola). Oxford: Oxford Univer sity Press.

Humber, A.R. 1997. Fungi: Identification. Di dalam Lawrence AL, editor.Manual of Techniques in Insect Pathology. San Diego: Academic Press.

Inglis GD, MS Goettel, TM Butt, M Strasser. 2001. Use of Hyphomycetous Fungi for Managing Insect Pests. Di dalam: Butt, T.M, Magan N. 2001, editor. Fungi as Biocontrol Agents: Progress, Problems and Potential. Wallingford: CABI Publishing. Hlm 23-69.

Joshi, B.B, R.P. Bhatt, D. Bahukhand. 2010. Antagonistic and plant growth activity of Trichoderma isolates of Western Himalayas. J. Environmental Biology.31: 921-928.

Lamb D, and M Tomlinson. 1994. Forest rehabilitation in the Asia-Pasific Region: past lessons and present uncertainties. Journal of Tropical Forest Science (7): 157-170.

Leitao, AL. 2009. Potential of Penicillium Species in the Bioremediation Field. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. 9: 1393-1417

Lichtenzveig, J, J Anderson, G Thomas, R Oliver, K Singh. 2006. Inoculation and growth with soil borne pathogenic fungi. Medicago truncatula handbook.

Ludwig, J.A., N. Hindley, and G. Barnett. 2003. Indicators for monitoring minesite rehabilitation: trends on waste-rock dumps, Northern Australia. Ecological Indicators. 3: 143-153.

Lugo, A.E. 1997. The Apparent Paradox of Reestablishing Species Richness on Degradedlands with Tree Monocultures. Forest Ecology and Management. 99: 9-19.

Mishra, B, L. Srivastava. 1986. Degradation of humic acid of a forest soil by some fungal isolates. Abstrak. Plant and Soil. 96: 413-416.

Pandya U., Saraf M. 2010. Application of fungi as a biocontrol agent and their biofertilizer potential in agriculture. Journal of Advance Development and Research. 1: 90-99

Passell, H.D. 2000. Recovery of bird s pecies in minimally restored Indonesian tin strip mines. Restoration Ecology 8: 112-118.

Setyawan, D., R.J. Gilkes, D.A. Jasper, D.J. Tongway, N. Hindley. 2003. Nutrient cycling index in relation to organic matter and soil respiration of rehabilitated mine sites in Kelian, East Kalimantan. Dalam: Proceedings of the International Seminar on The Organic Farming and Sustainable Agriculture in The Tropics and Subtropics: Science, Technology, Management and Social Welfare. Palembang October 8-9, 2003.

Srivastava, R, C.M. Mehta and A.K. Sharma. 2011. Fusarium pallidoroseum – A new biofertilizer responsible for enhancing plant growth in different crops. International Research Journal of Microbiology 2(6): 192-199.

van Elsas J. D dan J. T. Trevors. 1997. Modern Soil Microbiology. New York: MarcelDekker

Waksman S.A., E.S Horning, E. L. Spencer. 1942. Two Antagonistic Fungi, Aspergillus Fumigatus and Aspergillus Clavatus and Their Antibiotic Substances. J Bacteriol. 455: 233-248.

Watanabe, T. 2002. Pictorial atlas of soil and seed fungi : morphologies of cultured fungi and key to species. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

Webster, J, R. Weber. 2007. Introduction of Fungi. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Whipps J.M., R.D Lumsden. 2001. Commercial Use of Fungi as Plant Diseases Biological Control Agents: Status and Prospects. Di dalam: Butt, T.M, N Magan. 2001, editor. Fungi as Biocontrol Agents: Progress, Problems and Potential. Wallingford: CABI Publishing. Hlm 9-22.

Yin, B, D. Crowley, G Sparovek, WJ De Melo, and J Borneman. 2000. Bacterial functional redundancy along a soil reclamation gradient. Applied and Environmetal Microbiology 66: 4361-4365.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31293/af.v16i2.2909

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 AGRIFOR

Agrifor ISSN ONLINE APRIL 2016 : 2503-4960

 

 

 

Creative Commons License
AGRIFOR : Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian dan Kehutanan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.