Implementing Pair-Work Activities Using Functional Language Examples To Improve The Students’ Speaking Skill Of Smp Negeri 21 Samarinda
This research aims to find out the solutions of the students' problem on speaking skill , through implementing pair work activities using functional languages examples.
The goal of teaching speaking skill is to communicate efficiency. Learners should be able to make themselves understood, using their current proficiency to the fullest. They should try to avoid confusion in the message due to faulty pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary, and to observe the social and cultural rules that apply in each communication situation.
Learning to speak English requires more than knowing its grammatical and semantic rules. Students need to know how native speakers use the language in the context of structured interpersonal exchange. Effective oral communication requires the ability to use the language appropriately in social interactions.
This research used a classroom action research ( CAR ) of the targeted to the first year students of SMP Negeri 21 Samarinda to be achieved. Based on analysis and discussion of the findings that the implementation of pair – work activities using functional language examples in teaching speaking was useful to improve the students' speaking competence. Both pair – work and functional examples provided good models and facilitated students to practice and to keep repeating using the spoken language to achieve a particular level proficiency.
Alan, R. 2007. A Curriculum Guide for the Secondary Level. Accessed on December 23rd, 2011from http://www.sasked.gov.sk.la/docs/xla/index.htm
Ary, D., Jacobs, L.C., Razavieh, A., & Sorensen, C. 2006.Introduction to Research in Education. Belmont: Thomson Publisher Limited.
Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan, 2007.Model Siabusdan Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran SMP/ MTs, Mata Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris. Jakarta: Kegiatan Penyelengaraan Sosialisasi / Diseminasi / Seminar / Workshop/ Publikasi, Direktorat Jenderal Manajemen Pendidikan Dasardan Menengah, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.
Brumfit, C.J. & K. Johnson. 1979. The Communicative Approach to Language Teaching. London: Oxford University.
Brown, H.D. 2001. Principle of Language Teaching and Learning. New York: Prentice Hall.
Bukart, G.S. 1998. Modules for the Professional Preparation of Teaching Assistants in Foreign Languages. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics.
Burns, A & Joyce, H. 1997. Focus on Speaking. Sidney. National Centre for English Teaching and Research, Macquarie University.
Butler-Pascoe, M. E. & Wiburg, K. M. 2003.Technology and Teaching English Language Learners. Chapter 4, pp. 96-111.
Bygate, M. 1998. Theoretical Perspective on Speaking. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 18, 20-42.
Canale, M. & Swain, M. 1980. Theoretical Bases of Communication Approaches to Second Language Testing. Applied Linguistics 1 (1), 1 – 47.
Channey, A.L. 1998. Teaching Oral Communication. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Chary, M. R. 2007.Speaking Skill: A Success Mantra. (on line). Retrieved November 21, 2007 from http//:www.articlebase.com/training-articles/speakingskill.htm.
Chiteravelu, N. et. al., 2005.ELT Methodolody; Principles and Practice. Second Edition. K.L: Penerbit Fajar Bhakti.
Cook, G. 1989.Discourse. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Eisner, E.W.1991. The Enlightened Eye: Qualitative Inquiry and the Enhancement of Educational Practice. New York: Prentice Hall Inc.
Firth, J. & Adam, G. 1979.Descriptive Linguistics and the Study of English. In Firth 1968, 96-113.
Gardner, R.C. 1994. Social Psychology and Second Language Learning: The Role of Attitudes and Motivation. London: Edward Arnold.
Hadley, A. O. 2000. Teaching Language in Context. Melbourne: Heinle & Heinle Publisher.
Halliday, M. A. K. 1973. Language Structure and Language Function. In J. Lyons (Ed) New Horizons in Linguistics.
Harmer, J. 2004. The Practice of English Language Teaching, England: Pearson Education Limited.
Hughes, A. 2007. Testing for Language Teachers. Second Edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hurford, R. J., Heasley B., Smith, B. M. (2007). Semantics, a Course Book. Second Edition. UK: Cambridge University Press.
Kemmis, S. dan Taggart, R.M. 2000. The Action Research Planner. Victoria: Deakin University Press.
Koshy, V. 2006. Action Research for Improving Practice. London: Paul Chapman Publishing.
Nazir, M. 2003. Metode Penelitian. Jakarta: Penerbit Ghalia Indonesia.
Nunan, D. 2003. Second Language Teaching and Learning, Boston: Heinle & Heinle Publishers, an International Thomson Publishing Company.
Orwig, C.J. 1999. Guideline for a Language & Culture Learning Program. New York: Longman.
Putri, I. N., Soelistyarini D. T., Using Conversation Analysis Data in Teaching Conversation, Proceeding Presented to 6th Asia TEFL International Conference, 1-3 August 2008, Pages 1-14. Bali: TEFLIN, the Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language in Indonesia.
Remendra P. D., Barustyawati S.A.A., 2007. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pendidikan, August 2007, pages 1-17, Undiksah: JPPP, Lembaga Penelitian
Richards, J. C. & Renandya, Willy A. 2002. Methodology in Language Teaching. An Anathology of Current Practice. New York: Cambridge University.
Richards, J.C. & Rodgers, T.S. 2001. Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge Language Teaching Library.
Savignon, A. J. 1997. Communicative Competence: Theory and Classroom Practice. Massachusets: Addison-Westly.
Shumin, K. 2002. Factors to Consider: Developing Adult EFL Students’ Speaking Abilities in J.C. Richards and W.A. Renandya (editors) Methodology in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ur, P. 1996. A Course in Language Teaching: Practice and Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Van Ek, J.A. & L.G. Alaexander. 1977. Threshold Level English in a European Unit/Credit System for Modern Language Learning by Adult. Strasburg: Council of Europe.
Wallace, J., M. 2000. Action Research for Language Teachers. London: Cambridge University Press.
Widdowson, H. 1978. Aspect of Language Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wilkin, D.A. 1976. Linguistics in Language Teaching. London: Edward Arnold.
www.francisgilbert.co.uk/.../hallidays-functions-of-language-in-the-c...(Date of Access: 27 July 2012)
Yules, G. 2001. The Study of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- There are currently no refbacks.